As the saying goes, "There is an old person in the family, if there is a treasure", paying attention to the health of middle-aged and elderly people is actually the best filial piety! To pay attention to the health problems of middle-aged and elderly people, we must first understand the common middle-aged and elderly diseases. Today we have taken stock of the "Four Common Diseases of Middle-aged and Elderly People". We hope that we can help you understand and prevent these diseases correctly and have a healthy body!
1. Hypertension: the "culprit" of high-risk diseases in middle-aged and elderly people
Hypertension is the most common chronic disease of middle-aged and elderly people and the most important risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure and chronic kidney disease are the main complications. However, hypertension can be prevented and controlled. Lowering the blood pressure level of hypertensive patients can significantly reduce stroke and heart disease events.
2. Prevent coronary heart disease and alleviate "heart disease"
Coronary heart disease is a common cardiovascular disease in middle-aged and elderly people. About 99% of coronary heart disease is caused by coronary atherosclerosis. When coronary atherosclerosis progresses to a certain degree and causes severe stenosis and obstruction of the coronary lumen, it can cause myocardial ischemia and hypoxia, resulting in a series of symptoms such as chest tightness, angina pectoris, etc., and even myocardial infarction Then it is life-threatening.
3. Alzheimer's signal, worth seeing!
Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative disease of the nervous system. The first symptom is memory loss, but as the disease worsens, the patient will have personality changes. Some patients who were originally introverted now become irritable and speak more, while those who were originally extroverted They may become reticent and uninterested in familiar things; they may even change their personality, such as not paying attention to hygiene, appearance, or even knowing "honest" (such as urinating and defecating anywhere).
In the middle and late stages of the disease, the patient will develop focal brain symptoms such as aphasia, apraxia, limb dysfunction, etc., and even unable to complete simple daily life tasks such as dressing and eating, lying in bed all day, and gradually losing contact with the outside world. At this stage, patients may cause a series of complications, such as lung and urinary tract infections, bedsores, and systemic failure, and eventually die due to complications.
Patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease are not only suffering themselves, but also a heavy burden for the whole family. Therefore, caregivers (family members) should understand related diseases, and allow patients to adhere to appropriate exercises, such as walking, Tai Chi and other exercises, read more books and newspapers, and cultivate a hobby, such as brush writing, paper cutting, and handicrafts. , Singing, dancing, etc., cooperate with medication to delay the degeneration of brain nerve cells as much as possible.
4. It's cold and your legs hurt! Watch out for osteoarthritis of the knee
Knee osteoarthritis is a chronic arthropathy characterized by the degeneration, destruction and bone hyperplasia of articular cartilage. Knee pain is common in middle-aged and elderly people. This is because the old people’s body functions are degraded, osteoporosis, bone loss, and bones become brittle and hard, and their tolerance to pressure is reduced, which leads to illness. The long-term poor posture and weight bearing and body obesity are also the main factors that cause knee osteoarthritis.