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Types And Characteristics Of Cloth

Jul 07, 2017

Types And Characteristics Of Cloth

Cloth: ① with hemp, cotton, etc. woven, can make clothes or other items of material: cloth | cotton Cloth | fabric.

Generic term for fabrics such as cotton, hemp, zhuxi and Pueraria

Fabric: Fabric is the material used to make clothing. As one of the three elements of clothing, the fabric can not only interpret the style and characteristics of clothing, Fabric but also directly around the color of clothing, modeling performance.

Types and characteristics of cloth


1 fiber

People often put the length of the diameter of more than thousands of times and only a certain degree of flexibility of fiber materials collectively referred to as fiber. The thickness and length of the fiber are important factors to determine the feel of the fabric. Coarse fibers give the cloth a hard, strong, Fabric coarse feel, and has the characteristics of compression. The shorter the fiber, the rougher the fabric, the easier it is to fluff the ball, but it has a rugged style. Fine fibers give the cloth a soft, thin feel. The longer the fiber, the smoother the yarn, Fabric the less the pilling.

2 Type of fiber

A: Natural fibres (obtained directly from nature)

Plant fiber: such as cotton, hemp.

Animal fibres: hairs, such as wool, taken from animals.

A silk, such as silk, taken from an animal.

B: Synthetic fibres (made by means of chemical treatment and injection of the wire). )

such as: acrylic, polyester, nylon and so on.

Fiber only through the textile to become a garment fabric, and the first step is spinning into yarn.

Introduction of Cloth

Cotton Plain Cloth

Cloth 70% is a cotton plain cloth, is the most common shop varieties

With plain weave (warp and weft yarns woven once every other yarn) woven fabric called plain weave fabric, the surface is flat, positive and negative appearance effect is the same. Because of the thickness of the yarn branch and the elasticity of the weaving method to form different styles. Fabric Old-fashioned cotton yarn is generally thicker (traditional hand-woven cloth is more suitable) the appearance of simple natural matte, and the new cotton high cotton is the yarn branch of thin, woven very closely, the appearance of a relatively slippery handle.

Traditional hand-woven cloth is used to finish the work (especially the more simple old cotton cloth)


Refers to the weaving of the cloth on the strip or flower-like concave and convex patterns. Big jacquard and small jacquard, large jacquard is flower-like pattern, small jacquard is a strip or lattice and other simple geometric patterns. Large jacquard cost should be higher than small jacquard. The big jacquard gives the person's feeling to be more gorgeous some, the price is also higher.


Also known as white Billet, with primary colors of cotton yarn woven without bleaching, Fabric printing processing cloth, collectively referred to as primary color cloth. Commonly known as grey fabric


It is treated by special dyeing and finishing process to make fabric with slight wrinkle-like washing style. Shuebu raw materials have pure cotton, polyester/cotton, polyester filament and so on. The Shuebu feels soft, the size is stable, wears comfortably, the appearance has slight wrinkles. Mainly used as coats, suits, shirts, trousers, sleepwear, etc.


is a kind of plain cloth, also use plain weave weave. Warp and weft yarn are fine special yarn, belong to fine high warp dense fabric, with slippery, pretty, cool characteristics, Fabric can be used for shirt production. (a widely used cotton fabric, not silk)

Compared with ordinary flat cloth, its density and weft density ratio is generally 1.8 ~ 2.2:1. Because the warp density is significantly greater than the weft density, the surface of the fabric forms a diamond grain pattern formed by the convex part of the warp. Woven Poplin fabrics, commonly used pure cotton or polyester and cotton fine yarn. According to the different yarn used, divided into yarn poplin, half line poplin (through to the strands), line poplin (Jingwei to the share line). Fabric According to the different spinning project, it is divided into poplin and combed poplin. In order to weave color points, there are hidden striped poplin, satin satin poplin, jacquard poplin, color striped poplin, flash color poplin and so on. In order to color poplin fabric dyeing and finishing, and bleached poplin, variegated poplin and printed poplin and so on. All kinds of poplin fabrics are clean and smooth cloth, texture, meticulous, grain full, gloss Eijun soft, soft and slippery touch and so on. Poplin is a staple in cotton. Mainly used in shirts, Fabric summer clothes and daily underwear

Bali yarn/Glass yarn

Also known as Bali Yarn/Barry Yarn (voile), thin transparent plain weave fabric. The characteristics of the glass yarn are: is the latitude and longitude of the use of fine combed yarn, fabric density is relatively small, due to "thin", "dilute", coupled with strong twist, so that the fabric is thin transparent, hole clear, thin, transparent breathable, feel smooth can be used for curtains or summer dress

Full Cotton Yarn Card

Khaki is one kind, khaki is a twill fabric, the variety according to the use of warp and weft yarn, line cards (Jingwei yarn are strands), half line card (through to the strands, weft Tan), yarn card (Jingwei are single yarn).

The line card uses 2/2 right oblique weave weaves, Fabric the positive and negative twill veins are obvious, also is called the double-sided card;

The half line card uses 3/1 right oblique weave weaves, the gauze card uses 3/1 left oblique weave weaves.

Half-line cards and yarn cards are single-sided cards. Fabric Khaki used raw materials mainly cotton, polyester and so on, the results of the fabric close thick, clear grain, fastness and durability

Dyed Fabric

It refers to dyed yarn woven and made of cloth species. The warp and weft colors are usually different. For example, the warp is in red, and the parallels are light pink with white.

The advantage of dyed fabric is that the yarn is dyed before the color woven cloth, its color fastness than the general printing and dyeing cloth better, washing more difficult to fade

Youth cloth

Pure cotton colored fabric woven by plain weave. Youth cloth is also a yarn-dyed, and the general (bleaching and dyeing) colored cloth is the difference between its three-dimensional strength (some micro-particle effect), dyeing fastness is good

The yarn color is different, one kind uses the dyed yarn, one kind uses the bleaching yarn, the general warp and weft yarn density is same, Jingwei close. Youth cloth on the canvas is a two-color effect, color harmony elegant, special style, thin texture, soft. Mainly used for shirts, windbreaker, Fabric children's clothing fabrics and quilt cover and so on.

Denim: With pure cotton indigo blue yarn dyed yarn and the color of the weft, using three on the right twill weave woven into, generally can be divided into light, medium, and heavy three categories. The width of the cloth is mostly between 114-152 centimeters.

Weight (g/square meter) Yarn weight (British branch)

Light 200-340 g/sqm (6-10 oz/square yards) $number above

Medium 340-450 G/sqm (10-13 oz/square yards) 10×10

Heavy duty over 450 grams 7x6 denim

Features: 1, cotton coarse yarn twill, breathable, breathable, comfortable to wear; 2, the texture of thick, clear lines of the appropriate treatment, you can wrinkle prevention and deformation; 3, Indigo is a kind of coordination color can be compatible with a variety of color tops, the four seasons are appropriate; 4, indigo is a non solid color, the more washed the light, the more beautiful.

In addition to the above-mentioned traditional products, there are color denim:

1, the use of different raw material structure of denim; (1) Using a small proportion of spandex yarn ($number) as the warp of the core elastic warp or weft yarn, woven into a denim cloth; (2) using a low proportion of polyester and cotton blended as the warp, dyed after the white effect of the snowflake denim; (3) The advanced denim fabric made of cotton linen and cotton wool blended yarn; (4) A denim cloth woven from medium (R);

2, the use of different processing technology woven denim cloth (1) using high twist weft woven bark crepe denim; (2) when the warp is dyed, first with a sulphur or sea-chang LAN and other dyes after the dyeing of indigo blue set dyed denim; (3) embedded in the Indigo blue warp yarn color stripe denim; (4) Hanging white or printing in indigo jeans;

Haining Yikang Textile Co.,Ltd

Add:NO 113 Lianhong Rd, Yuanhua town,Haining,Zhejiang



Contact1:Carol Huang


E-mail: ykhmj@yktextile.com

Contact2:Tim Chen


E-mail: ykct@yktextile.com